Growing up in rural Hunan, Mao described his father as a stern disciplinarian, who would beat him and his three siblings, the boys Zemin and Zetanas well as an adopted girl, Zejian.
Maoism has clearly represented a revolutionary method based on a distinct revolutionary outlook not necessarily dependent on a Chinese or Marxist-Leninist context. Early years Mao was born in the village of Shaoshan in Hunan province, the son of a former peasant who Mao tse tung become affluent as a farmer and grain dealer.
He grew up in an environment in which education was valued only as training for keeping records and accounts. Rebelling against paternal authority which included an arranged marriage that was forced on him and that he Mao tse tung acknowledged or consummatedMao left his family to study at a higher primary school in a neighbouring county and then at a secondary school in the provincial capital, Changsha.
There he came in contact with new ideas from the West, as formulated by such political and cultural reformers as Liang Qichao and the Nationalist revolutionary Sun Yat-sen. Scarcely had he begun studying revolutionary ideas when a real revolution took place before his very eyes.
On October 10,fighting against the Qing dynasty broke out in Wuchangand within two weeks the revolt had spread to Changsha. Enlisting in a unit of the revolutionary army in Hunan, Mao spent six months as a soldier. In primary school days, his heroes had included not only the great warrior-emperors of the Chinese past but Napoleon I and George Washington as well.
For a year he drifted from one thing to another, trying, in turn, a police school, a law school, and a business school; he studied history in a secondary school and then spent some months reading many of the classic works of the Western liberal tradition in the provincial library.
The abolition of the official civil service examination system in and the piecemeal introduction of Western learning in so-called modern schools had left young people in a state of uncertainty as to what type of training, Chinese or Western, could best prepare them for a career or for service to their country.
While officially an institution of secondary level rather than of higher educationthe normal school offered a high standard of instruction in Chinese history, literature, and philosophy as well as in Western ideas. While at the school, Mao also acquired his first experience in political activity by helping to establish several student organizations.
Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu. Moreover, he found himself at Peking University precisely during the months leading up to the May Fourth Movement ofwhich was to a considerable extent the fountainhead of all of the changes that were to take place in China in the ensuing half century.
In a limited sense, May Fourth Movement is the name given to the student demonstrations protesting against the decision at the Paris Peace Conference to hand over former German concessions in Shandong province to Japan instead of returning them to China.
The shift from the difficult and esoteric classical written language to a far more-accessible vehicle of literary expression patterned on colloquial speech also took place during that period. At the same time, a new and very young generation moved to the centre of the political stage.
To be sure, the demonstration on May 4,was launched by Chen Duxiu, but the students soon realized that they themselves were the main actors.
In an editorial published in JulyMao wrote: The world is ours, the nation is ours, society is ours. If we do not speak, who will speak? If we do not act, who will act? During the summer of Mao Zedong helped to establish in Changsha a variety of organizations that brought the students together with the merchants and the workers—but not yet with the peasants—in demonstrations aimed at forcing the government to oppose Japan.
That winter he married Yang Kaihui, the daughter of his former ethics teacher. In July he attended the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, together with representatives from the other communist groups in China and two delegates from the Moscow-based Comintern Communist International.
Guomindang]Mao was one of the first communists to join the Nationalist Party and to work within it. In the winter of —25, Mao returned to his native village of Shaoshan for a rest.
There, after witnessing demonstrations by peasants stirred into political consciousness by the shooting of several dozen Chinese by foreign police in Shanghai May and JuneMao suddenly became aware of the revolutionary potential inherent in the peasantry.
Following the example of other communists working within the Nationalist Party who had already begun to organize the peasants, Mao sought to channel the spontaneous protests of the Hunanese peasants into a network of peasant associations.
The communists and the Nationalists Pursued by the military governor of Hunan, Mao was soon forced to flee his native province once more, and he returned for another year to an urban environment— Guangzhou Cantonthe main power base of the Nationalists.
However, though he lived in Guangzhou, Mao still focused his attention on the countryside. He became the acting head of the propaganda department of the Nationalist Party—in which capacity he edited its leading organ, the Political Weekly, and attended the Second Kuomintang Congress in January —but he also served at the Peasant Movement Training Institute, set up in Guangzhou under the auspices of the Nationalists, as principal of the sixth training session.
He therefore expelled most communists from responsible posts in the Nationalist Party in May Mao, however, stayed on at the institute until October of that year. Most of the young peasant activists Mao trained were shortly at work strengthening the position of the communists.
Chiang Kai-shek, who was bent on an alliance with the propertied classes in the cities and in the countryside, turned against the worker and peasant revolution, and in April he massacred the very Shanghai workers who had delivered the city to him.
The strategy of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin for carrying out revolution in alliance with the Nationalists collapsed, and the CCP was virtually annihilated in the cities and decimated in the countryside. In October Mao led a few hundred peasants who had survived the autumn harvest uprising in Hunan to a base in the Jinggang Mountains, on the border between Jiangxi and Hunan provinces, and embarked on a new type of revolutionary warfare in the countryside in which the Red Army military arm of the CCPrather than the unarmed masses, would play the central role.
The first of those is the initial three years when Mao and Zhu Dethe commander in chief of the army, successfully developed the tactics of guerrilla warfare from base areas in the countryside.
Those activities, however, were regarded even by their protagonists, and still more by the Central Committee in Shanghai and by the Comintern in Moscowas a holding operation until the next upsurge of revolution in the urban centres.Aug 21, · Watch video · Mao Zedong led communist forces in China through a long revolution beginning in and ruled the nation’s communist government from its establishment in Along with Vladimir Lenin and.
Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tung mou dzŭ-do͝ong , –, founder of the People's Republic of nationwidesecretarial.com was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, .
Mao was born on 26 December into a peasant family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province, central China. After training as a teacher, he travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. And yet Mao Zedong remains the most honored figure in the Chinese Communist Party.
At one end of historic Tiananmen Square is Mao’s mausoleum, visited daily by large, respectful crowds. Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from to , the first chairman of the People’s Republic of China.
Mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad. Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from to , the first chairman of the People’s Republic of China.
Mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad.
Mao Zedong (December 26, – September 9, ), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in . Mao Zedong, () was the leader of Chinese Communism and a ruthless atheist dictator after he came to power in While not the founder, he was an . Aug 21, · Watch video · Mao Zedong led communist forces in China through a long revolution beginning in and ruled the nation’s communist government from its establishment in Along with Vladimir Lenin and.