The Taino predate Columbus' arrival in At that time, there were already five kingdoms in Hispaniola, or what is now known as the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Columbusupon encountering the Taino, wrote, "They traded with us and gave us everything they had, with good will.
The Arawakan achievements included construction of ceremonial ball parks whose boundaries were marked by upright stone dolmens, development of a universal language, and creation of a complicated religious cosmology. There was a hierarchy of deities who inhabited the sky; Yocahu was the supreme Creator.
Other mythological figures were the gods Zemi and Maboya. The zemis, a god of both sexes, were represented by icons in the form of human and animal figures, and collars made of wood, stone, bones, and human remains.
They therefore served cassava manioc bread as well Taino indians beverages and tobacco to their zemis as propitiatory offerings. Maboyas, on the other hand, was a nocturnal deity who destroyed the crops and was feared by all the natives, to the extent that elaborate sacrifices were offered to placate him.
Myths and traditions were perpetuated through ceremonial dances areytosdrumbeats, oral traditions, and a ceremonial ball game played between opposing teams of 10 to 30 players per team with a rubber ball; winning this game Taino indians thought to bring a good harvest and strong, healthy children.
The rank of each cacique apparently was established along democratic lines; his importance in the tribe being determined by the size of his clan, rather than its war-making strength. There was no aristocracy of lineage, nor were their titles other than those given to individuals to distinguish their services to the clan.
Their complexion were bronze-colored, average stature, dark, flowing, coarse hair, and large and slightly oblique dark eyes. Men generally went naked or wore a breech cloth, called nagua, single women walked around naked and married women an apron to over their genitals, made of cotton or palm fibers.
The length of which was a sign of rank.
Both sexes painted themselves on special occasions; they wore earrings, nose rings, and necklaces, which were sometimes made of gold. They had no calendar or writing system, and could count only up to twenty, using their hands and feet. Their personal possessions consisted of wooden stools with four legs and carved backs, hammocks made of cotton cloth or string for sleeping, clay and wooden bowls for mixing and serving food, calabashes or gourds for drinking water and bailing out boats, and their most prized possessions, large dugout canoes, for transportation, fishing, and water sports.
Caciques lived in rectangular huts, called caneyes, located in the center of the village facing the batey. The naborias lived in round huts, called bohios.
The construction of both types of building was the same: But the buildings were strong enough to resist hurricanes. When the Spanish settlers first came insince there is no reliable documentation, anthropologists estimate their numbers to have been between 20, and 50, but maltreatment, disease, flight, and unsuccessful rebellion had diminished their number to 4, by ; in a bishop counted only 60, but these too were soon lost.
They were joined in this uprising by their traditional enemies, the Caribs.
Many Taino words persist in the Puerto Rican vocabulary of today. Names of plants, trees and fruits includes: Names of fish, animals and birds includes: As well as other objects and instruments: Other words were passed not only into Spanish, but also into English, such as huracan hurricane and hamaca hammock.Oct 03, · As the classroom rhyme goes, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in and discovered America.
But there is more to the story of the explorer we . The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida.
At the time of European contact in the late 15th century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico. Taino Indians A brief history and description of the pre-Columbian Taino Indians.
The Taino Indians are from the area of the Bahamas and Greater and lesser Antilles. Taíno Indians believed that being in the good graces of their zemis protected them from disease, hurricanes, or disaster in war.
The Taino Indians were indigenous Native American tribes - inhabitants of the Caribbean islands in pre-Columbian times, but they still have a large history of ceremony and culture centered around nature and respect for Mother Earth, or Ata Bei. Oct 03, · As the classroom rhyme goes, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in and discovered America. But there is more to the story of the explorer we . Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Christopher Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), .
They therefore served cassava (manioc) bread as well as beverages and tobacco to their zemis as propitiatory offerings. Taino Indian Culture.
Taíno Indians, a subgroup of the Arawakan Indians (a group of American Indians in northeastern South America), inhabited the Greater Antilles (comprising Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola [Haiti and the Dominican Republic], and Puerto Rico) in the Caribbean Sea at the time when Christopher Columbus' arrived to the New .
The Taino (Arawakan Indians) arrived later, probably about ce, and spread throughout Cuba, the rest of the Greater Antilles, and the nationwidesecretarial.com developed rudimentary agriculture and pottery and established villages that were unevenly distributed but mainly concentrated in the western part of the island..