The Crusades - Online course by E. Information about each crusade plus relevant history of the countries involved. The Turks were severely persecuting the Christians in the Middle East, even murdering them. The Turks had taken over territory previously belonging to Christians, including Jerusalem and sites which were considered holy Christ commanded it The most emphasis seems to have been on the second point, that Jerusalem was in the hands of nonbelievers.
Like Gregory, he made internal reform his main focus, railing against simony the selling of church offices and other clerical abuses prevalent during the Middle Ages. Urban showed himself to be an adept and powerful cleric, and when he was elected pope inhe applied his statecraft to weakening support for his rivals, notably Clement III.
By the end of the 11th century, the Holy Land—the area now commonly referred to as the Middle East—had become a point of conflict for European Christians. Since the 6th century, Christians frequently made pilgrimages to the birthplace of their religion, but when the Seljuk Turks took control of Jerusalem, Christians were barred from the Holy City.
This was not the first appeal of its kind, but it came at an important time for Urban. Wanting to reinforce the power of the papacy, Urban seized the opportunity to unite Christian Europe under him as he fought to take back the Holy Land from the Turks.
At the Council of Clermont, in France, at which several hundred clerics and noblemen gathered, Urban delivered a rousing speech summoning rich and poor alike to stop their in-fighting and embark on a righteous war to help their fellow Christians in the East and take back Jerusalem.
Urban denigrated the Muslims, exaggerating stories of their anti-Christian acts, and promised absolution and remission of sins for all who died in the service of Christ. Not all who responded did so out of piety: European nobles were tempted by the prospect of increased land holdings and riches to be gained from the conquest.
These nobles were responsible for the death of a great many innocents both on the way to and in the Holy Land, absorbing the riches and estates of those they conveniently deemed opponents to their cause. Adding to the death toll was the inexperience and lack of discipline of the Christian peasants against the trained, professional armies of the Muslims.
As a result, the Christians were initially beaten back, and only through sheer force of numbers were they eventually able to triumph. Urban died intwo weeks after the fall of Jerusalem but before news of the Christian victory made it back to Europe. His was the first of seven major military campaigns fought over the next two centuries known as the Crusades, the bloody repercussions of which are still felt today.
Urban was beatified by the Roman Catholic Church in Someone tell me again about how pure Christians are. I have little doubt that evangelicals today would be just as violent toward Muslims or any other non Christian religion if they thought they could get away with it.
In fact some of them are.
They will reject democracy.Urban II made “Deus vult” the battle cry of the Crusades. Why the Crusaders Went The pope’s representatives then traversed Europe, recruiting people to go to Palestine.
In an assembly of churchmen called by Pope Urban II met at Clermont, France. Messengers from the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus had urged the pope to . Nov 08, · Provided to YouTube by The Orchard Enterprises Pope Urban II, First Call To The Crusade, - Recited Text In French · Jordi Savall · Montserrat Figueras · Trad.
Jerusalem ℗ . In AD he sent a letter to Pope Urban II, asking him to send armed forces to Eastern Rome to help drive out the Turks.
The forces Alexius more than likely had in mind were mercenaries, paid professional soldiers whose skill and experience would would rival that of the emperor's armies. Pope Urban II The person who would become Pope Urban II was born around to a noble family in northern France.
Educated at a school associated with the Reims cathedral, he eventually became their canon and archdeacon. Pope Urban II's preaching at the Council of Clermont focused on the plight of Christians in the Holy Land, who were subject to cruel tortures and punishments at the hands of the Turks.
His graphic description of Turkish atrocities was designed to elicit a visceral response from his hearers so that they would take up arms to liberate their Christian brothers and sisters.